Are you about to complete your MBBS from abroad and mulling over the specialization to choose in your post-graduation? This confusion takes over the minds of most MBBS graduates, brainstorming their minds on the subject. No matter which medical field you choose, new gates of opportunities open up for medical students after MBBS abroad, letting them significantly contribute to the medical field.
It’s no secret that a foreign MBBS degree will prove advantageous to your medical career. Still, the post-graduation in your preferred specialization will undoubtedly boost your professional career in the future. So, meticulously deciding post-graduate specialization after MBBS from abroad is necessary to realize your long-cherished dream of being a successful doctor.
To be precise, the graduates with MBBS degree with one year of internship can opt for post-graduate medical courses with 2-3 years duration such as:
These courses can be pursued in various specializations depending on the interests of the MBBS graduates.
1. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Pathology: It is a 3-year PG medical course in medicine and diagnosis of diseases that provides theoretical knowledge in histopathology, morbid anatomy, hematology, and cytology. The Doctor of Medicine in Pathology offers detailed knowledge to deal with diagnostic problems, examination, and interpretations in the subjects of clinical pathology, microbiology, transfusion medicine, and chemical pathology. An MBBS graduate willing to pursue post-graduation as M.D. in Pathology must have completed MBBS abroad from an MCI-recognized medical university with at least 50%.
2. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in General Medicine: This 3-year PG medical course focuses on producing physicians with adequate skills and knowledge to diagnose a disease in a cost-friendly manner. Candidates must have completed MBBS from a recognized university with at least 50% and a one-year compulsory internship to apply for this PG course after MBBS.
3. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Pediatrics: Doctors specializing in pediatrics deal with children-related medical issues and are called pediatricians. It is a 3-year post-graduate medical course requiring completion of the MBBS degree from a recognized university and a one-year mandatory internship after the completion of MBBS.
4. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Microbiology: MBBS graduates with a PG degree in microbiology are called microbiologists. This three-year medical program trains students in microbiology to prevent the spread of infectious diseases in a community. The program curriculum involves theoretical and practical knowledge in virology, bacteriology, immunology, parasitology, and mycology. Any MBBS graduate applying for this program must have a MBBS degree from a recognized university along with 1-year of internship.
5. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Anatomy: The study of a human is called anatomy, and the doctor who studies it is called an anatomist. M.D. in Anatomy is a post-graduate program with a three-year duration that offers extensive knowledge of the entire human body structure to the molecular level and an understanding of its functioning in detail. Candidates interested in pursuing M.D. in Anatomy after their MBBS from abroad must obtain an MBBS degree from an MCI-recognized institution and a one-year compulsory internship post their MBBS.
6. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Cardiology: Cardiology is the extensive study of the heart. Any MBBS graduate undergoing this three-year post-graduate program will diagnose and treat heart-related issues in their patients like coronary heart diseases, congenital heart defects, electrophysiology, and valvular heart diseases. Any candidate with an MBBS degree from an MCI-recognized university and a year of internship is eligible for this post-graduate program.
7. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Radiology: Radiology includes diagnostic testing and treatments of radiation. This 3-year post-graduate medical course emerged as one of the favorite specializations after MBBS including Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRIs), X Rays, ultrasounds, and Computed Tomography (CTs) scans. It trains students to perform and interpret numerous diagnostic imaging studies. The applying candidates must have an MBBS degree; moreover, practitioners with 10+ years of experience can also apply for this post-graduate medical course.
8. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Pharmacology: Pharmacology studies the effects of drugs on the human body and their implications on the source, its biological effects, chemical properties, and therapeutic uses of drugs. This 3-year post-graduate program involves a detailed study of systematic pharmacology, general pharmacological principles, and rational use of drugs. As a requirement, applying candidates must have an MBBS degree from a recognized university and a minimum of 55% in MBBS.
9. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Ophthalmology: This post-graduate medical course after MBBS includes the study of anatomy, function, and diseases of an eye. All pursuing medical students are offered training in intensive eye care ranging from eye examinations like prescribing eyeglasses and contact lenses and carrying out complex eye surgeries. Any candidate interested in pursuing this post-graduate program must have an MBBS degree from a recognized medical university with at least 55% scores.
10. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Orthopedics: MD (Orthopedics) is a three-year post-graduate program dealing with the study of congenital disorders, tumors, infections, and the treatment of musculoskeletal trauma and restoration of fractures, joint injuries, etc. The basic eligibility required to pursue this post-graduate course is the degree of MBBS from a recognized university.
11. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Anesthesia: Commonly abbreviated as M.D Anesthesia, this post-graduate medical course focuses on the consumption of Anesthesia, a drug used to reduce pain by causing insensibility. Candidates pursuing this course must be efficient in patient care, research, education, faculty development, and the advancements in anesthesiology. The minimum eligibility to pursue this course is an MBBS degree with at least 50% aggregate.
12. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Biochemistry: M.D. Biochemistry is a PG medical program after MBBS, involving the study of the structure, composition, and chemical reactions of substances within living systems and applied to dentistry, medicine, and veterinary medicine. The specialization surfaced as an all-new discipline after scientists merged biology with organic, inorganic, and physical chemistry. The course includes studying the methods by which living organisms gain energy from food, kinds of fundamental transformations occurring in diseases, and the chemical basis of heredity. The candidates must have a BAMS degree with at least 55% marks from a recognized university.
13. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Obstetrics & Gynecology: MD Obstetrics & Gynecology is a two or three-year doctorate program dealing with the advanced study of the complete clinical pathology related to the female reproductive organs, including pregnant and non=pregnant patient care. The basic eligibility to pursue this course is the MBBS degree from a recognized university with at least 50% scores.
14. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Aerospace Medicine: Aerospace medicine studies the psychological and physiological impact of the space environment on the human body. It includes finding effective preventive measures to reduce the effect of the airborne environment on individuals. Candidates wishing to pursue a PG medical course in Aerospace Medicine must have an MBBS degree with minimum marks.
15. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Dermatology: Dermatology is a medical branch that deals with the study of the diagnosis and treatment of skin, hair, and nails-related diseases such as eczema, cancer, and psoriasis, acne, skin allergies, and nail infections. It is a three-year post-graduate course during which the candidates acquire a complete understanding and knowledge of dermatological diseases. MBBS graduates must have scored at least 55% marks from a recognized college or university.
16. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Forensic Medicine: This is a 3-year doctorate course that is the study of scientific understanding of crime investigations, general forensic medicine, forensic psychology, and more. MD Forensic Medicine program focuses on forensic practices and research proposals and projects. Candidates opting for this specialization must have obtained at least 50% scores in MBBS and have undertaken a one-year internship.
17. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Geriatrics: Geriatrics is the specialization focusing on the healthcare of older people. The curriculum of this three-year post-graduate course comprises the knowledge of the aging process, drug therapy for seniors, aging impacts on illness patterns, rehabilitation, and health maintenance. Special training is provided to the candidates undergoing this PG course for chronic diseases, skin ailments, nutritional problems, memory impairment, cognitive loss, immobility, adverse effects of medicines, and balance disorders. Candidates enrolling for this post-graduate course must have an MBBS degree with a minimum 55% score from an NMC-recognized university and a 1-year rotational internship experience.
18. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Physiology: It is a three-year post-graduate degree course involving the study of normal biological function. It offers a general understanding of abnormalities in human diseases and their treatment through translational research and the development of new methods. Candidates must have an MBBS degree with at least 55% marks from a recognized university.
Master of Surgery (MS) in Pediatric Surgery: This two-year post-graduate course provides aspirants with the training to perform surgery on young patients such as fetuses, babies, kids, adolescents, and teens. It also offers extensive exposure to pediatric subspecialties like pediatric rheumatology, respiratory medicine, pediatric gastroenterology, and endocrinology. The eligibility criteria to apply for this course include an MBBS degree with at least a 55% graduation score, a one-year mandatory internship, and 12 months of professional experience in some cases.
Master of Surgery (MS) in Cardiac Surgery: M.S. in cardiac surgery is a two-year post-graduate program in the medical field focusing on the surgical treatments of diseases affecting the organs in the thorax, heart, and lungs. The course focuses on providing comprehensive training to candidates for heart surgeries. The curriculum concentrates on developing required skills in the candidates to practice cardiac surgery at the secondary and tertiary levels. Candidates must be good in the basic and applied clinical sciences, cardiac intensive care, cardiac surgical care, emergency medicine, and other associated surgical disciplines.
Master of Surgery (MS) in Plastic Surgery: Plastic surgery means the reconstruction or repair of human body parts by the transfer of skin tissues, either in the injury treatment or for cosmetic reasons. It involves various hand surgery, reconstructive surgery, microsurgery, and more. The post-graduate course of M.S. in Plastic Surgery offers advanced knowledge relating to the different aspects of plastic surgery. Aspirants familiarize themselves with the in-ward procedures; ICU procedures; minor OT procedures; preoperative workup; post-operative care; general surgical operative care; and special procedures for plastic surgery. Candidates applying for this course are required to have an MBBS degree from a recognized university.
Master of Surgery (MS) in Urology: Urology is the medical branch focusing on treating disorders in the female and male urinary tract systems, like bladder and continence issues. It includes diseases caused by the male reproductive systems. Sometimes, the male urinary system overlaps with the reproductive system, leading to disorders and diseases. M.S. in Urology is a two-year post-graduate program requiring special skills to deal with diseases of the urinary tract and male reproductive organs. Candidates must have an MBBS degree from a recognized university to pursue this course.
Master of Surgery (MS) in ENT: This 3-year post-graduate medical program mainly focuses on otolaryngology and ENT studies and provides training on various surgical procedures and methods for ear, nose, and throat. The course involves theoretical and practical knowledge to improve the functional abilities of the candidates. The eligibility to pursue this course includes an MBBS degree recognized by MCI and a one-year internship.
Master of Surgery (MS) in Ophthalmology: t is a 2-year post-graduate medical course involving the advanced study of anatomy, physiology, and disease of an eye. The curriculum of this course consists of gross anatomy, orbital and ocular anatomy, ocular physiology, histology, biochemistry, microbiology, and immunology. The opportunities offered by this course include ophthalmologic research in clinical surgery such as using the operating microscope, fine microsurgery, vitreoretinal surgery, or intraocular surgery of the eye.
Master of Surgery (MS) in Obstetrics and Gynecology: This two-year post-graduate degree course deals with female reproductive organs during their pregnant or non-pregnant phase. Candidates aspiring to enroll in this course must have obtained 50% aggregate marks in their MBBS.
Choosing a medical specialty of practice is one of the most critical decisions any medical student takes in life. The decision will depend on the experience during clinical rotations, clinical interests, training duration, PG course location, salary, and lifestyle.
Reduce your choices
With so many medical specialties and subspecialties available, finding a suitable specialization after MBBS becomes challenging. So, try to make a choice based on your personality, clinical strengths, career interests, and skills. Outpatient vs. inpatient care
Medical students select specializations depending on their preference for patient care. When you plan to practice clinically and look forward to creating strong bonds with your patients, outpatient care is for you. You can choose from various medical specialties like gynecologist, primary care physician, psychiatrist, and more. You can choose from various medical specialties like gynecologist, primary care physician, psychiatrist, and more. MBBS students interested in inpatient care and aspire to diagnose and treat patients can choose to become radiologists, pediatric surgeons, orthopedic surgeons, pathologists, endocrinologists, etc. The job roles will also include performing procedures like CT scans, lab tests, X-rays, MRI, mammography, endoscopy, dialysis, and more. It also involves delivering babies and surgeries.
Understand your clinical interests
During your preclinical courses, you may come across several attention-grabbing areas. It helps you easily select the medical specialty that will be right for you.
Surgical and non-surgical options
Medical students with more patience, fine motor skills, and excellent eye-hand coordination can choose from medical specializations like neurology, urology, obstetrics and gynecology, dermatology, and anesthesiology. Others interested in non-surgical specialties can go for internal medicine, pediatrics, psychiatry, family medicine, orthopedics, etc.
Years of training
The profession of medicine involves rigorous training activities like residency training and on-the-job training to make them well-trained and excellent in patient care. Whatever specialty is chosen by a student will determine the type of professional training required after graduation. So, the duration of the training is significant to choosing a medical specialty. For instance, medical students pursuing post-graduation in dermatopathology or cosmetic surgery must complete four years of residency training and two years of fellowship training.
Few medical specialties offer better career opportunities and financial prospects than others. Since most students will be paying off their student loans after employment, they prefer going for specializations with higher salary packages. Plastic surgery, cardiology, orthopedics, ophthalmology, radiology, and dermatology are the highest-paying specializations after MBBS, helping in achieving financial goals and loan repayment.
With a variety of specializations available to pursue after your MBBS in abroad, you can feel sorted. After successfully getting into one of the top medical universities abroad to study MBBS abroad, deciding a preferred medical specialization for post-graduation will not be too difficult for you. Just analyze your interests and preferences and arrive at the best medical specialty for your post-graduation course.
Education Abroad streamlines the procedure for MBBS admissions abroad for students aspiring to become successful doctors. The initial counseling sessions offered by the in-house counselors resolve all kinds of doubts and queries of students, clearing the clouds of confusion hovering over their minds. Moreover, the faculties at our associated medical universities abroad will help you discover your preferred medical specialties that you want to pursue in your post-graduation for a remarkable future in the medical field.